Today we talk about Bug out Bags/72 hour kits on The Great Northern Prepper Podcast.
Bug Out Bags are basically as small bag/backpack that you can carry that will provide all the basic needs for survival for a given period (generally 72-96 hours).
You should have a Bug out Bag for your home and for you vehicle, this is so that you can grab a bag and run if something is wrong in or near your home. If you are away from your home, most likely you are in or near your vehicle, so if disaster strikes you will be able to have what you need to make it back there or situate yourself with a comfortable grace period of basic survival items.
We have a page on Bug out Bags already on the site, look there for more information
*Water Treatment notes from the show*
Tincture of Iodine (2%): 3 drops per quart of clean water, 6 per quart of cloudy water.
Tincture of Iodine can work better than bleach for certain intestinal parasites. The bad taste can be removed from water with the introduction of Vitamin C after the treated water has stood for awhile (Flavored Vitamin C packets like EMERGEN-C can do this)
Bleach chouls be a 5.25% Sodium Hypochlorite without soap or phosphates.
Let water stand until particles settle, then pour through a cloth to remove the particles for faster sterilization.
Roughly around 2-3 (err on 3) drops of Bleach per litre of fluid or 8 drops per gallon
*To convert liters to gallons (US liquid) multiply by 0.26417, so
(2 liters ) x 0.26417 = 0.52834 gallons (US liquid)
This means roughly 4 drops per 2 liter bottle would be the equivalent dosage.*
Water should have a bleach odor, if it doesnt repeat the dose.
According to the Red Cross:
“If your local water is treated commercially by a water treatment utility, you do not have to treat the water before storing it. Treating commercially-treated water with bleach is superfluous and not necessary. Doing so does not increase storage life. It is important to change and replace stored water every six months or more frequently.”
otherwise–also according to the Red Cross:
“1. Filter the water using a piece of cloth or coffee filter to remove solid particles.
2. Bring it to a rolling boil for aboout one full minute.
3. Let it cool at least 30 minutes. Water must be cool or the chlorine treatment described below will be useless.
4. Add 16 drops of liquid chlorine bleach per gallon of water, or 8 drops per 2-liter bottle of water. Stir to mix. 5.25% sodium hypochlorite should be the only active ingredient in the bleach. There should not be any added soap or fragrances.
5. Let stand 30 minutes.
6. If it smells of chloriine. You can use it. If it does not smell of chlorine, add 16 more drops of chlorine bleach per gallon of water (or 8 drops per 2-liter bottle of water), let stand 30 minutes, and smell it again. It if smells of chlorine, you can use it. If it does not smell of chlorine, discard it and find another source of water.
More information on Water sterilization in our WATER PREPS page
Also info on how to store Pool cleaner (pool shock) so that you have a resource to make massive amounts of bleach to have, barter and give away in a time of emergency in our WATER PREPS page.